Laparoscopic surgery (keyhole surgery) is where the abdomen is entered through a number of small incisions (typically 5mm). Starting at the umbilicus (belly button), a fine camera is introduced and the inside of the abdomen is then inflated with carbon dioxide to allow a clear view of all abdominal and pelvic organs. Further 5mm incisions are made in the lower abdominal wall to allow surgery to be performed. Laparoscopy is often performed of the following reasons: investigation of infertility; removal of endometriosis, fibroids, and ovarian cysts; and hysterectomy. Patients having this surgery are usually able to go home the same or following day but then need to be away from work or usual activities for one to two weeks.
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